MJA
MJA InSight
MJA Careers
The Reproductive Years

Multiple pregnancy: a modern epidemic?

Mark P Umstad and Michael J Gronow
Med J Aust 2003; 178 (12): 613-615.

The epidemic is subsiding as we improve the delivery of assisted reproductive technology

Mark P Umstad, MB BS, MD, MRCOG, FRANZCOG, Senior Obstetrician and Head, Multiple Pregnancy Clinic
Michael J Gronow, MB BS, MD, MRCOG, FRANZCOG, Gynaecologist and Infertility Specialist, Reproductive Services Unit, and Melbourne IVF
Royal Women's Hospital, Carlton, Vic, Australia.
Article References: 
Reference Text: 
Riley M, Halliday J. Births in Victoria 1999–2000. Melbourne: Department of Human Services, 2001.
Reference Order: 
1
PubMed ID: 
Reference Text: 
Taylor MJO, Fisk NM. Multiple pregnancy. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 2000; 2: 4-10.
Reference Order: 
2
PubMed ID: 
Reference Text: 
Kiely JL, Kiely M. Epidemiological trends in multiple births in the United States, 1971–1998. Twin Res 2001; 4: 131-133.
Reference Order: 
3
PubMed ID: 
11665309
Reference Text: 
Derom C, Vlietinck R, Derom R, et al. Increased monozygotic twinning rate after ovulation induction. Lancet 1987; 1: 1236-1238.
Reference Order: 
4
PubMed ID: 
2884372
Reference Text: 
Lichtenstein P, Olausson PO, Kallen AJ. Twin births to mothers who are twins: a registry based study. BMJ 1996; 312: 879-881.
Reference Order: 
5
PubMed ID: 
8611875
Reference Text: 
Tong S, Short RV. Dizygotic twinning as a measure of human fertility. Human Reprod 1998; 13: 95-98.
Reference Order: 
6
PubMed ID: 
Reference Text: 
Taffel SM. Demographic trends in twin births: USA. In: Keith LG, Papiernik E, Keith DM, Luke B, editors. Multiple pregnancy: epidemiology, gestation and perinatal outcome. New York: Parthenon Publishing Group, 1995: 133-144.
Reference Order: 
7
PubMed ID: 
Reference Text: 
Lumley J, Watson L, Watson M, Bower C. Periconceptual supplementation with folate and/or multivitamins for preventing neural tube defects. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000; (2): CD001056.
Reference Order: 
8
PubMed ID: 
Reference Text: 
Krotz S, Fajardo J, Ghandi S, et al. Hypertensive disease in twin pregnancies: a review. Twin Res 2002; 5: 8-14.
Reference Order: 
9
PubMed ID: 
11893276
Reference Text: 
Scher AI, Petterson B, Blair E, et al. The risk of mortality or cerebral palsy in twins: a collaborative population-based study. Pediatr Res 2002; 52: 671-681.
Reference Order: 
10
PubMed ID: 
12409512
Reference Text: 
Blickstein I. Cerebral palsy in multifoetal pregnancies. Dev Med Child Neurol 2002; 44: 352-355.
Reference Order: 
11
PubMed ID: 
12033722
Reference Text: 
Papageorghiou AT, Liao AW, Skentou NJ, et al. Trichorionic triplet pregnancies at 10–14 weeks: outcome after embryo reduction compared with expectant management. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2002; 11: 307-312.
Reference Order: 
12
PubMed ID: 
12389671

The full contents of this page are only available to subscribers.