Copyright and linking policy

The Medical Journal of Australia (MJA) is Australia’s leading general medical journal. Our high quality, peer-reviewed content is a mixture of commissioned and submitted articles.

Copyright in all material published in the MJA (hard copy) and online at is generally owned by the Australasian Medical Publishing Company (AMPCo, the publisher of the MJA). Where copyright in an article or image does not belong to us, this is indicated.

The MJA makes its research article archive and other selected content freely available on the World Wide Web for the advancement of public health and medical research.

For full information, read the MJA access policy.

Linking information

Other websites are welcome to link to pages on provided that the conditions below are met:

  • no attempt is made to pass off the content of the MJA as the property of the linking website;
  • the MJA should be referenced as the source of any text-only link;
  • the manner in which the link appears must not give viewers the impression that your site, or your organisation, is sponsored or endorsed by the MJA;
  • it must not appear that the MJA has created any of your website’s content;
  • we do not approve of websites presenting MJA articles as a frame within their web pages, the link should open as a new tab in a browser, or as a new browsing window;
  • we do not grant permission for anyone to copy MJA content to their own web pages; and
  • links must not appear in a way that causes us embarrassment.

If you would like to include MJA content on your website, please refer to Obtaining copyright permission.

AMPCo (or the MJA) reserves the right to ask you to remove any links to its content at any time and is not responsible for the information or materials contained on the host website.

Copyright information

Works of authorship contained on this website, including but not limited to all design, text and images, are owned or licensed by the MJA. They may not be copied, reproduced, transmitted, displayed, performed, distributed, rented, sub-licensed, altered, stored for subsequent use or otherwise used in whole or in part in any manner without the MJA’s prior written consent, except for certain types of:

No further reproduction or distribution of the articles in whole or in part should proceed without the permission of the publisher. MJA content is not to be reproduced for use on a web page or with any online service or application without permission.

Any commercial use of content on this website requires prior permission. See Obtaining copyright permission.

Academic use

The Australian Copyright Act 1968 (the Act) allows a maximum of 10% of the words in a digital work to be reproduced and/or communicated by any educational institution for its educational purposes provided that the educational institution (or the body that administers it) has given remuneration notices to Copyright Agency Limited (CAL) under the Act.

For details of the CAL licence for educational institutions contact:

Copyright Agency Limited,
Level 15, 233 Castlereagh Street,
Sydney NSW 2000,
Telephone: +61 2 9394 7600 
Fax: +61 2 9394 7601 

Author use

The MJA allows authors to use and make copies of their own articles for certain purposes provided that the use is not commercial in nature and that the MJA is clearly indentified and referenced as the original publisher of the article.

An author may make a reasonable number of copies of their own article for personal, teaching, academic or professional purposes, providing no charge is levied for the article.

If you are unsure whether your proposed use of MJA content authored by you complies with this policy, you should contact us at prior to use of that content.

Authors should also refer to Obtaining copyright permission.

Personal use

Readers may print single copies of content from the MJA website for non-commercial personal use provided they do not remove any copyright or trademark notices contained on or in the content.

Temporary electronic copies of the documentation such as those made by web browsers and that are necessary to browse this Website are permissible.

Obtaining copyright permission

To seek permission to reproduce MJA content (articles or extracts), send an email to detailing the following:

  • The author, title, year of publication, volume and page numbers of the article or extract you wish to reproduce.
  • The purpose for which you wish to reproduce the article or extract.
  • Whether the permission is being sought on your own behalf or that of an organisation or third party.
  • Where permission is being sought on behalf of an organisation or third party, the nature of that organisation or third party, and the purpose for which the article or extract will be used.
  • The format in which you propose to distribute the copies.
  • The number of copies you wish to reproduce. If the content is to be included on a website, please supply the average number of unique visitors your site receives per month. In the case of an intranet site, please supply the number of people with access to that site.
  • The amount of money, if any, that you will be charging for these copies or for the publication within which the copied article or extract will be appearing.
  • Note: it is not MJA’s policy to allow outside websites to host PDF copies of our articles. However, permission may be granted to allow a direct link to any MJA articles.