Algal toxins or copper poisoning — revisiting the Palm Island “epidemic”

Paul Prociv
Med J Aust 2004; 181 (6): . || doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2004.tb06316.x
Published online: 16 August 2004

Paul Prociv

  • School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072.


  • 1. Leder K, Sinclair MI, McNeil JJ. Water and the environment: a natural resource or a limited luxury? Med J Aust 2002; 177: 609-613. <eMJA full text>
  • 2. Byth S. Palm Island mystery disease. Med J Aust 1980; 2: 40-42.
  • 3. Prociv P. Palm Island reconsidered: was it copper poisoning? Aust N Z J Med 1987; 17: 345-349.
  • 4. Muller-Hocker J. Pathomorphology of the liver in exogenic infantile copper intoxication in Germany. Eur J Med Res 1999; 4: 229-232.
  • 5. Stenhammar L. Diarrhoea following contamination of drinking water with copper. Eur J Med Res 1999; 4: 217-218.
  • 6. Eife R, Weiss M, Barros V, et al. Chronic poisoning by copper in tap water: I. Copper intoxication with predominantly gastrointestinal symptoms. Eur J Med Res 1999; 4: 219-223.


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