Family physicians (FPs) in Canada undergo specialised training, often in a Family Medicine Residency, and complete the College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC) national certification examination. Their payment is negotiated and administered separately by the 10 provincial governments and three territorial governments, using different funding arrangements in different settings. Under the Canada Health Act, provinces will be financially penalised if they permit private billing by physicians or copayments by provincially insured patients other than for certain services funded by third parties, such as insurance medical examinations, reports and travel services.
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