Current practices should be re-examined in light of current evidence
Antenatal care includes screening asymptomatic pregnant women, with the aim of detecting, and thereby preventing, both maternal and neonatal adverse events. The introduction of antenatal care in 1913 has been widely attributed to the efforts of Ballantyne at the University of Edinburgh. He suggested that the high maternal and perinatal mortality rates observed at the beginning of the 20th century reflected inadequate maternity care during pregnancy and lack of supervision of the progress of labour. Ballantyne's flow diagram, an antecedent of guidelines, defined interactions of many disciplines in antenatal care.
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