In 2010 the American Heart Association recommended a change from ABC (airway, breathing, chest compressions) to CAB (chest compressions, airway, breathing), which was confirmed in their 2015 guidelines.1 Interestingly, over the past 10–15 years there has also been a shift in the algorithm for trauma with the addition of “C” as a prompt for the assessment, management and resuscitation of the patient with Catastrophic haemorrhage, taking precedence over ABC and giving rise to C-ABC.2
- 1. American Heart Association. Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Part 5: Adult Basic Life Support and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality. https://eccguidelines.heart.org/wp-content/themes/eccstaging/dompdf-master/pdffiles/part-5-adult-basic-life-support-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality.pdf (viewed Aug 2018).
- 2. Hodgetts TJ, Mahoney PF, Russell MQ, Byers M. ABC to <C>ABC: redefining the military trauma paradigm. Emerg Med J 2006; 23: 745-746.
- 3. Walker K, Ben-Meir M. Choosing public or private emergency departments in Australia. Emerg Med Australas 2018; 30: 122-124.
- 4. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4390.0 – Private Hospitals, Australia, 2016-17. Private Acute and Psychiatric Hospitals – Summary. http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4390.0 (viewed Aug 2018).
- 5. He J, Toloo GS, Hou XY, FitzGerald G. Qualitative study of patients’ choice between public and private hospital emergency departments. Emerg Med Australas 2016; 28: 159-163.
- 6. Shearer FM, Bailey PM, Hicks BL, et al. Why do patients choose to attend a private emergency department? Emerg Med Australas 2015; 27: 62-65.
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