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The effectiveness of helmets in reducing head injuries and hospital treatment costs: a multicentre study

Michael M Dinh, Kate Curtis and Rebecca Ivers
Med J Aust 2013; 198 (8): 415-417.
doi:
10.5694/mja12.11580

To the Editor: Debate continues regarding the health benefits and consequences of helmet use in pedal cyclists.1 Australia is one of few countries in the world with mandatory helmet laws for both pedal cyclists and motorcyclists. To place the protective effect of helmets in pedal cyclists into perspective, we report on the relationship between helmet use and head injury severity in a retrospective cohort of both pedal cyclists and motorcyclists.

Michael M Dinh, Emergency Physician1
Kate Curtis, Trauma Clinical Nurse Consultant2
Rebecca Ivers, Director3
1 Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.
2 St George Hospital, Sydney, NSW.
3 Injury Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, NSW.
Article References: 
Reference Text: 
O’Reilly M. Helmet crackdown makes no sense. The Age (Melbourne) 2012; 22 Mar. http://www.theage .com.au/executive-style/fitness/blogs/on-your-bike/helmet-crackdown-makes-no-sense-20120322-1vl5v.html#ixzz1xGg2mLPP (accessed Oct 2012).
Reference Order: 
1
PubMed ID: 
_
Reference Text: 
Dinh MM, Roncal S, Green TC, et al. Trends in head injuries and helmet use in cyclists at an inner city major trauma centre, 1991–2010. Med J Aust 2010; 193: 619-620.
Reference Order: 
2
Reference Text: 
Amoros E, Chiron M, Martin J-L, et al. Bicycle helmet wearing and the risk of head, face, and neck injury: a French case–control study based on a road trauma registry. Inj Prev 2012; 18: 27-32.
Reference Order: 
3
PubMed ID: 
21606469
Reference Text: 
Olivier J, Walter SR, Grzebieta RH. Long term bicycle related head injury trends for New South Wales Australia following mandatory helmet legislation. Accid Anal Prev 2013; 50: 1128-1134.
Reference Order: 
4
PubMed ID: 
23026203
Reference Text: 
Liu BC, Ivers R, Norton R, et al. Helmets for preventing injury in motorcycle riders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; (1): CD004333.
Reference Order: 
5
PubMed ID: 
18254047

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