Plasma aldosterone to renin ratio for the detection of primary aldosteronism in patients with drug‐resistant hypertension

Kay W Choy, Renata Libianto, Ian Simpson and Jun Yang
Med J Aust 2022; 216 (8): . || doi: 10.5694/mja2.51487
Published online: 2 May 2022


  • Kay W Choy1
  • Renata Libianto2,3
  • Ian Simpson4
  • Jun Yang2,3

  • 1 Northern Hospital Epping, Melbourne, VIC
  • 2 Centre for Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, VIC
  • 3 Monash Health, Melbourne, VIC
  • 4 Monash Health Pathology, Melbourne, VIC



We acknowledge the care offered to the patient by the team of nurses (Elise Forbes and Peta Nuttall), endocrinologists (Peter Fuller and Jimmy Shen), radiologists (Winston Chong and Ken Lau), chemical pathologists (James Doery and Zhong Lu) and endocrine surgeons (Simon Grodski and James Lee) through the Endocrine Hypertension Service at Hudson Institute of Medical Research and Monash Health. We also thank William (Bill) Rainey (Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA) for sharing his laboratory’s protocol for CYP11B2 adrenal staining, and thank Monash Pathology and Piero Nelva for establishing the protocol at Monash Health.

Competing interests:

No relevant disclosures.


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