Standard deviation and standard error: interpretation, usage and reporting

Petra Macaskill
Med J Aust 2018; 208 (2): . || doi: 10.5694/mja17.00633
Published online: 5 February 2018

Standard deviations (SDs) and standard errors are reported routinely in statistical analyses, but the distinction between them is not always well understood.1,2 Incorrect and also unclear reporting of results adds to the potential for confusion and misinterpretation of these measures.3,4

  • Petra Macaskill

  • University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW

Series Editors

John Attia

Michael Jones

Competing interests:

No relevant disclosures.


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