Kala-azar: the world’s guilty secret

Benjamin H M Hunn
Med J Aust 2012; 197 (10): . || doi: 10.5694/mja12.10767
Published online: 19 November 2012

The clinic of the Sudan Medical Relief Project ( is in Old Fangak, in what is now the Republic of South Sudan. In 2010, I spent 7 weeks working there with an American medical team, before being evacuated owing to increasing violence in the area.

  • School of Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS.


  • 1. Veeken H, Ritmeijer K, Seaman J, Davidson R. A randomized comparison of branded sodium stibogluconate and generic sodium stibogluconate for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis under field conditions in Sudan. Trop Med Int Health 2000; 5: 312-317.
  • 2. Sundar S, Mehta H, Suresh AV, et al. Amphotericin B treatment for Indian visceral leishmaniasis: conventional versus lipid formulations. Clin Infect Dis 2004; 38: 377-383.
  • 3. Seaman J, Mercer AJ, Sondorp HE, Herwaldt BL. Epidemic visceral leishmaniasis in southern Sudan: treatment of severely debilitated patients under wartime conditions and with limited resources. Ann Intern Med 1996; 124: 664-672.


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