Increasing incidence of type 2 diabetes in Indigenous and non-Indigenous children in Western Australia, 1990–2012

Aveni Haynes, Rachelle Kalic, Matthew Cooper, Jacqueline K Hewitt and Elizabeth Ann Davis
Med J Aust 2016; 204 (8): . || doi: 10.5694/mja15.00958
Published online: 2 May 2016

An increase in the incidence of childhood type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been reported in several populations worldwide, including Australia, with the highest risk being observed in children of Indigenous descent.1-3 In Western Australia, children throughout the state who are diagnosed with T2D are managed by a single multidisciplinary team at Princess Margaret Hospital, WA’s only tertiary paediatric hospital. In this study, we aimed to determine the incidence and incidence rate trends of childhood T2D in Indigenous and non-Indigenous children in WA.

  • 1 Diabetes Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA
  • 2 Monash Children's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC
  • 3 Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC

Competing interests:

No relevant disclosures.

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  • 2. Stone M, Baker A, Maple Brown L. Diabetes in young people in the Top End of the Northern Territory. J Paediatr Child Health 2013; 49: 976-979.
  • 3. McMahon SK, Haynes A, Ratnam N, et al. Increase in type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents in Western Australia. Med J Aust 2004; 180: 459-461. <MJA full text>
  • 4. American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 2013; 36: S67-S74.
  • 5. Dart AB, Martens PJ, Rigatto C, et al. Earlier onset of complications in youth with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2014; 37: 436-443.


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