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Sexual health in Indigenous communities

Christopher K Fairley and Jane S Hocking
Med J Aust 2012; 197 (11): 597-598.
doi:
10.5694/mja12.11448

Extreme rates of gonorrhoea in remote areas must be reduced

In this issue of the Journal, there are two important articles highlighting the disadvantages experienced by Indigenous Australians, and offering important practical suggestions for improving health care.1,2

Christopher K Fairley, FRACP, PhD, FACSHP, Director, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre
Jane S Hocking, MPH, MHlthSc, PhD, Associate Professor
School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC.
Article References: 
Reference Text: 
Graham S, Guy RJ, Donovan B, et al. Epidemiology of chlamydia and gonorrhoea among Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, 2000–2009. Med J Aust 2012; 197: 642-646.
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1
Reference Text: 
Silver BJ, Knox J, Smith KS, et al. Frequent occurrence of undiagnosed pelvic inflammatory disease in remote communities of central Australia. Med J Aust 2012; 197: 647-651.
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2
Reference Text: 
Harrison WO, Hooper RR, Wiesner PJ, et al. A trial of minocycline given after exposure to prevent gonorrhea. N Engl J Med 1979; 300: 1074-1078.
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3
PubMed ID: 
107450
Reference Text: 
Peipert JF. Clinical practice. Genital chlamydial infections. N Engl J Med 2003; 349: 2424-2430.
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4
PubMed ID: 
14681509
Reference Text: 
Ali H, Guy RJ, Fairley CK, et al. Understanding trends in genital Chlamydia trachomatis can benefit from enhanced surveillance: findings from Australia. Sex Transm Infect 2012; Oct 9 [Epub ahead of print]. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2011-050423. http://sti.bmj.com/content/early/2012/05/28/sextrans-2011-050423.short?rss=1 (accessed Nov 2012).
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5
Reference Text: 
Low N, Bender N, Nartey L, et al. Effectiveness of chlamydia screening: systematic review. Int J Epidemiol 2009; 38: 435-448.
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6
PubMed ID: 
19060033
Reference Text: 
Fairley CK, Bowden FJ, Gay NJ, et al. Sexually transmitted diseases in disadvantaged Australian communities. JAMA 1997; 278: 117-118.
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7
PubMed ID: 
9214525
Reference Text: 
Huang RL, Torzillo PJ, Kirby AC. Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections on the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands: results of a comprehensive control program — a postscript. Med J Aust 2008; 189: 446.
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8
Reference Text: 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Gonorrhea. Atlanta, Ga: CDC, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/std/Gonorrhea (accessed Nov 2012).
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9
Reference Text: 
Fine D, Thomas KK, Nakatsukasa-Ono W, Marrazzo J. Chlamydia positivity in women screened in family planning clinics: racial/ethnic differences and trends in the northwest US, 1997–2006. Public Health Rep 2012; 127: 38-51.
Reference Order: 
10
PubMed ID: 
22298921
Reference Text: 
Golden MR, Kerndt PR. Improving clinical operations: can we and should we save our STD clinics? Sex Transm Dis 2010; 37: 264-265.
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11
PubMed ID: 
20182405
Reference Text: 
Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. Third national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander blood borne viruses and sexually transmissible infections strategy 2010–2013. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, 2010. http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/ohp-national-strategies-2010-atsi-bbv (accessed Nov 2012).
Reference Order: 
12
Reference Text: 
Kohn LT, Corrigan JM, Donaldson MS, editors. To err is human: building a safer health system. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine, National Academy Press, 2000. http://www.iom.edu/Reports/1999/To-Err-is-Human-Building-A-Safer-Health-System.aspx (accessed Nov 2012).
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13
Reference Text: 
Doxanakis A, Hayes RD, Chen MY, et al. Missing pelvic inflammatory disease? Substantial differences in the rate at which doctors diagnose PID. Sex Transm Infect 2008; 84: 518-23.
Reference Order: 
14
PubMed ID: 
18723585

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