Vigilance is required for Australia to remain polio free

Bruce Thorley, Kerri Anne Brussen, Elizabeth J Elliott and Heath A Kelly
Med J Aust 2006; 184 (9): . || doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2006.tb00326.x
Published online: 1 May 2006

To the Editor: Australia and the other member nations of the World Health Organization’s Western Pacific Region were declared free of circulating endemic poliovirus in 2000, although the last case of endemic polio in Australia occurred in the 1970s.1 Nevertheless, the low risk of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) persisted through the continued use of the Sabin live attenuated oral polio vaccine (OPV) until it was replaced by the Salk inactivated polio vaccine in the National Immunisation Program from 1 November 2005.2

  • Bruce Thorley1
  • Kerri Anne Brussen1
  • Elizabeth J Elliott2
  • Heath A Kelly1

  • 1 Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 2 Discipline of Paediatrics and Child Health, Children's Hospital at Westmead, and Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.



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