Diagnosis and management of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism

Malvinder S Parmar
Med J Aust 2004; 180 (10): . || doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2004.tb06066.x
Published online: 17 May 2004

Malvinder S Parmar

  • Timmins and District Hospital, Suite 108, 707 Ross Ave East, Timmins, ON P4N 8R1, Canada.


  • 1. Topliss DJ, Eastman CJ. Diagnosis and management of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Med J Aust 2004; 180: 186-193. <MJA full text>
  • 2. Hedberg CW, Fishbein DB, Janssen RS, et al. An outbreak of thyrotoxicosis caused by the consumption of bovine thyroid in ground beef. N Engl J Med 1987; 316: 993-998.
  • 3. Kinney JS, Hurwitz ES, Fishbein DB, et al. Community outbreak of thyrotoxicosis: epidemiology, immunogenetic characteristics, and long-term outcome. Am J Med 1998; 84: 10-18.
  • 4. Parmar MS, Sturge C. Recurrent hamburger thyrotoxicosis. CMAJ 2003; 169: 415-417.


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