“Beth’s” mum has had breast cancer and decides to be tested for the breast cancer gene. The result is positive. How will this affect Beth’s chances of getting disability or life insurance? Backed by their unique data on what insurers ask for on their application forms, Lynch and colleagues explore the insurance implications of genetic testing for people with heritable conditions (→ "Cancer in the family" and genetic testing: implications for life insurance).
Avoiding a sugary end
The latest in our continuing Practice Essentials — Endocrinology series divulges how to prevent many of the complications of diabetes (→ 3: Preventing complications of diabetes).
Some of the articles in our July 7 General Practice issue depicted a sense of crisis in the discipline, with research, training and, most importantly, morale all under threat. However, we take heart from the letters we have received, many of which paint a different picture of GPs and their domain (→ Matters Arising: General practice is not in crisis).
We pride ourselves on being an egalitarian society, but can this epithet be applied to our healthcare system? Leeder thinks not and, in the final keynote address from the MJA series on the Australian Health Care Summit, proposes how we might achieve equity (→ Achieving equity in the Australian healthcare system).
Dystrophy with a history
November is Muscular Dystrophy Awareness Month and recent molecular advances hold out hope that curative treatments may arrive in the next decade or so. Byrne et al describe the scientific and therapeutic progress in the field of Duchenne muscular dystrophy since it was first recognised as an entity in 1851 by — wait for it — Edward Meryon (→ Duchenne muscular dystrophy: hopes for the sesquicentenary).
More hip than ever
The MJA published evidence-based guidelines for fixing broken hips in 1999. With such high morbidity and mortality, hip fractures have generated even more research since then. Chilov and two authors of the original guidelines undertook to review this new evidence and present the updated guidelines (→ Evidence-based guidelines for fixing broken hips: an update).
Taking the usual approach would have been unlikely to cure the patient with parathyroid disease in this issue’s Notable Cases (→ Ectopic parathyroid adenoma localised with sestamibi SPECT and image-fused computed tomography). Instead, preoperative localisation with a combination of imaging modalities had a direct bearing on how this patient was treated.
Mysteries of pet therapy
For those who thought pets were supposed to be good for our health, Parslow and Jorm say, think again — at least when it comes to cardiovascular risk. Their survey of over 5000 people showed no evidence of cardiovascular benefit for pet owners and even perhaps an increased risk (→ Pet ownership and risk factors for cardiovascular disease: another look).
Headey’s editorial draws together data from the broader reaches of medicine and social science (→ Pet ownership: good for health?). He concludes from his overview that owning pets probably is therapeutic, but we just don't know why. Babe, Lassie, and the corgis can all breathe a sigh of relief . . .
A woman arrives at your ED with dyspnoea, severe interscapular pain and hypotension. Watch as the diagnosis and treatment(s) unfold "on the run" in Lessons from Practice by Lapanum and colleagues (→ Major pulmonary embolism and shock).
Arrest policies for resus
How do Australian hospitals handle cardiac arrests? Do their policies take into account the fact that time to defibrillation best predicts survival from cardiac arrest? Data from Finn and Jacobs' survey of hospital directors of nursing challenge whether current hospital practice is optimal (→ Cardiac arrest resuscitation policies and practices: a survey of Australian hospitals).
The editorial by O'Rourke and Davies further champions the cause of "first-responder" defibrillation (→ Cardiac arrest in Australian hospitals). They point out that, with current practices, it might be safer to have your arrest on a Qantas plane than in an Australian hospital.
Another time ... another place...
With a shock to the head, [a hen] was rendered lifeless, and arose with a second shock to the chest; . . . the hen was completely stunned, walked with some difficulty, and did not eat for a day and night; then later it was very well and even laid an egg.
Peter Christian Abildgaard. Tentamina electrica in animalibus. Inst Soc Med Havn 1775; 2: 157-161
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