Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand

Caryl A Nowson and Rebecca S Mason
Med J Aust 2013; 199 (6): . || doi: 10.5694/mja13.10432
Published online: 16 September 2013

In reply: People requiring a purely vegetarian source of vitamin D should use vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol), which is produced by ultraviolet irradiation of the plant sterol ergosterol, and not vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), which is derived from animal sources.

  • 1 School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 2 Department of Physiology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.


Competing interests:

Rebecca Mason has received remuneration from the Australian Mushroom Growers’ Association.

  • 1. Nowson CA, McGrath JJ, Ebeling PR, et al; Working Group of Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society, Endocrine Society of Australia and Osteoporosis Australia. Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: a position statement. Med J Aust 2012; 196: 686-687. <MJA full text>
  • 2. Flicker L, MacInnis RJ, Stein MS, et al. Should older people in residential care receive vitamin D to prevent falls? Results of a randomized trial. J Am Geriatr Soc 2005; 53: 1881-1888.
  • 3. Hohman EE, Martin BR, Lachcik PJ, et al. Bioavailability and efficacy of vitamin D2 from UV-irradiated yeast in growing, vitamin D-deficient rats. J Agric Food Chem 2011; 59: 2341-2346.
  • 4. Urbain P, Singler F, Ihorst G, et al. Bioavailability of vitamin D2 from UV-B-irradiated button mushrooms in healthy adults deficient in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D: a randomized controlled trial. Eur J Clin Nutr 2011; 65: 965-971.


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