“Four of you will commit suicide”, said a medical school dean in the 1970s to a group of about 200 medical students. One of these students, Jenkins, remembers this statement as their only education about doctors’ health. Thirty years later, four of her then colleagues have, indeed, taken their own lives and greater attention is now paid to doctors’ health concerns (→ Keeping the doctor healthy: ongoing challenges). Recently, Markwell and Wainer (→ The health and wellbeing of junior doctors: insights from a national survey) and Heredia and colleagues (→ The national Junior Medical Officer Welfare Study: a snapshot of intern life in Australia) surveyed doctors-in-training, finding high rates of low job satisfaction, burnout and compassion fatigue. Jenkins says that while the stresses of the previous generations may be modified (eg, with safer working hours), they don’t disappear and new ones are added.
A pair of ox eyes
Primary congenital glaucoma is rare but, if unrecognised and untreated, it results in blindness. Rudkin and colleagues describe a recent case affecting both eyes. Elevated intraocular pressure in an immature eye results in buphthalmos (“ox eye”). Earlier clinical signs include blepharospasm, photophobia and excessive tearing (→ Recognising congenital glaucoma).
Five key moments
The crusade against hospital-acquired infections continues with the launch of the National Hand Hygiene Initiative (→ The National Hand Hygiene Initiative). As with NSW’s recent Clean hands save lives campaign, the national program has adopted and adapted the World Health Organization’s “5 moments for hand hygiene”, which defines five key moments at which hand-cleaning is required during patient care (→ Clean hands save lives). It’s all been a long time coming: according to Pittet, Semmelweis, the “first crusader”, paved the way a mere 162 years ago (→ Statewide hand hygiene improvement: embarking on a crusade).
If numbers are to count
Recent controversy over the manipulation of elective surgery waiting lists in some public hospitals — to make things look better than they really are — has brought to our attention several other limitations of these lists. Are the data collected valid? Are they reproducible? Perhaps even more importantly, can they tell us anything about the quality of care received? Curtis and colleagues say that inadequate attention to the quality of waiting list data has compromised the important function of providing accurate information to guide service provision (→ Management of waiting lists needs sound data).
One size won’t fit all
National registration for health professionals is scheduled to begin on 1 July 2010, and a draft of Health Practitioner Regulation National Law 2009, known as Bill B, has been released for public consultation. In a Viewpoint, published first online, Breen outlines concerns with this legislation, including inappropriately regarding substandard performance and impairment as less serious categories of misconduct. Breen says this “one size fits all” draft legislation has the potential to wind back important improvements to the professional regulation of doctors implemented in Australia over the past two decades. In light of the complexity involved in developing best-practice regulation, Breen says that our health ministers would be wise to “hasten slowly” and extend the timeline for commencement of national registration (→ National registration legislative proposals need more work and more time).
A trio of elephants?
In its recently released report A healthier future for all Australians, the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission has only tangentially discussed three “elephants in the room” in hospital sector health care, according to Scott (→ The NHHRC final report: view from the hospital sector). The elephants are: the need to prioritise hospital interventions; private health insurance subsidisation; and ongoing state responsibility for running hospitals. This article and others by Penington (→ Does the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission have a real answer for public hospitals?) and Kidd (→ Bigger is not always better: what the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission report means for general practice) are part of the MJA ’ s current Health Care Reform series, published first online.
Nine months are not enough
The obesity epidemic creates havoc when it comes to having babies, as excessive maternal weight has a deleterious effect on conception rates, pregnancy and fetal wellbeing. Although pregnant women are motivated to protect their babies from harm, Keirse says the 9 months of pregnancy is too short a time for much to be achieved weight-wise, especially for those women at greatest need (→ Adding weight to preconception care). He comments on studies by Callaway and colleagues (→ Barriers to addressing overweight and obesity before conception) and Jeffries and colleagues (→ Reducing excessive weight gain in pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial) which respectively found that pregnant women are often unaware of their (over)weight status and that self-measurement of weight during pregnancy may limit excess weight gain in overweight but not obese expectant mothers. Keirse says our attention to weight needs to shift much earlier, even before preconception care, to contraception care.
Another time . . . another place
Charles V Chapin, 1917
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