Androgen deficiency and replacement therapy in men

David J Handelsman and Jeffrey D Zajac
Med J Aust 2004; 181 (5): . || doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2004.tb06281.x
Published online: 16 August 2004

David J Handelsman,* Jeffrey D Zajac†

  • 1 ANZAC Research Institute, Concord Hospital, Hospital Road, Concord, NSW 2139
  • 2 Department of Medicine, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, VIC.


  • 1. Grunstein RR, Handelsman DJ, Lawrence SJ, et al. Hypothalamic dysfunction in sleep apnea: reversal by nasal continuous positive airways pressure. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1989; 68: 352-358.
  • 2. Liverman CT, Blazer DG, editors. Testosterone and aging: clinical research directions. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine, The National Academies Press, 2004.
  • 3. Sandblom RE, Matsumoto AM, Scoene RB, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea induced by testosterone administration. N Engl J Med 1983; 308: 508-510.
  • 4. Liu PY, Yee BJ, Wishart SM, et al. The short-term effects of high dose testosterone on sleep, breathing and function in older men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003; 88: 3605-3613.


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