Diagnosis and management of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism

Duncan J Topliss and Creswell J Eastman
Med J Aust 2004; 180 (10): . || doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2004.tb06068.x
Published online: 17 May 2004

Duncan J Topliss,* Creswell J Eastman

  • 1 Endocrinology and Diabetes, Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004
  • 2 Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW.

  • 1. Hamburger JI. Factitious elevation of thyrotropin in euthyroid patients. N Engl J Med 1985; 313: 267-268.
  • 2. Tunbridge WM, Evered DC, Hall R, et al. The spectrum of thyroid disease in a community: the Whickham survey. Clin Endocrinol 1977; 7: 481-493.
  • 3. Sawin CT, Geller A, Hershman JM, et al. The aging thyroid. The use of thyroid hormone in older persons. JAMA 1989; 261: 2653-2656.
  • 4. Hawkins BR, Cheah PS, Dawkins RL, et al. Diagnostic significance of thyroid microsomal antibodies in randomly selected population. Lancet 1980; 2: 1057-1059.
  • 5. Hollowell JG, Staehling NW, Flanders WD, et al. Serum TSH, T(4), and thyroid antibodies in the United States population (1988 to 1994): National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002; 87: 489-499.


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