- Gastro‐oesophageal reflux (GOR) in infancy is common, physiological and self‐limiting; it is distinguished from gastro‐oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) by the presence of organic complications and/or troublesome symptomatology.
- GORD is more common in infants with certain comorbidities, including history of prematurity, neurological impairment, repaired oesophageal atresia, repaired diaphragmatic hernia, and cystic fibrosis.
- The diagnosis of GORD in infants relies almost exclusively on clinical history and examination findings; the role of invasive testing and empirical trials of therapy remains unclear.
- The assessment of infants with vomiting and regurgitation should seek out red flags and not be attributed to GOR or GORD without considered evaluation.
- Investigations should be considered to exclude other pathology in infants referred with suspected GORD, and occasionally to confirm the diagnosis.
- Management of GORD should follow a step‐wise approach that uses non‐pharmacological options where possible and pharmacological interventions only where necessary.
Publication of your online response is subject to the Medical Journal of Australia's editorial discretion. You will be notified by email within five working days should your response be accepted.