Neurocysticercosis in Australia: still free of autochthonous cases?

Oscar H Del Brutto
Med J Aust 2012; 196 (6): . || doi: 10.5694/mja11.11443
Published online: 2 April 2012

To the Editor: I have read two recent reports on neurocysticercosis in the Journal.1,2 After performing a literature search for Australian cases of neurocysticercosis (PubMed search, using the terms “cysticercosis”, “neurocysticercosis” and “Australia”), I found reports of 39 patients, and the reports of 33 of these patients were published in the past two decades. This suggests that the prevalence of neurocysticercosis in Australia is rising, or that it has been increasingly recognised and reported in recent years. As expected in a developed country, more than three-quarters of the patients were immigrants from neurocysticercosis endemic areas, and the remainder were Australian residents who had travelled to endemic regions. So, although it appears that Australia is free of locally acquired neurocysticercosis, it is possible that some immigrants who developed the disease while living in Australia were not infected overseas, because some of them developed the disease more than 10 years after they migrated from their home countries.

  • Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital Clinica Kennedy, Guayaquil, Guayas, Ecuador.


Competing interests:

No relevant disclosures.

  • 1. Lucey JM, McCarthy J, Burgner DP. Encysted seizures: status epilepticus in a recently resettled refugee child [letter]. Med J Aust 2010; 192: 237. <MJA full text>
  • 2. Hewagama SS, Darby JD, Sheorey H, Daffy JR. Seizures related to praziquantel therapy in neurocysticercosis [letter]. Med J Aust 2010; 193: 246-247. <MJA full text>
  • 3. Dixon HBF, Lipscomb FM. Cysticercosis: an analysis and follow-up of 450 cases. Medical Research Council Special Report Series No. 299. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1961:1-58.
  • 4. Garcia HH, Gonzalez AE, Rodriguez S, et al. Neurocysticercosis. Unraveling the nature of the single cysticercal granuloma. Neurology 2010; 75: 654-658.


remove_circle_outline Delete Author
add_circle_outline Add Author

Do you have any competing interests to declare? *

I/we agree to assign copyright to the Medical Journal of Australia and agree to the Conditions of publication *
I/we agree to the Terms of use of the Medical Journal of Australia *
Email me when people comment on this article

Online responses are no longer available. Please refer to our instructions for authors page for more information.