To the Editor: We concur with Chan and Sullivan regarding the importance of targeting modifiable risk factors, such as smoking during pregnancy, to improve perinatal outcomes.1 Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is another important modifiable risk factor. Alcohol exposure in utero is associated with growth retardation, birth defects, and impaired development and neurological function. Individuals exposed to alcohol in utero may have lifelong medical and psychosocial problems.2
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