Matters of the heart
In patients with acute coronary syndromes, those at high risk receive less treatment overall than patients at low or moderate risk, according to research from Queensland (→ Discordance between level of risk and intensity of evidence-based treatment in patients with acute coronary syndromes). In their article, Scott and colleagues suggest a number of ways to better align treatment with risk, including risk-based referral procedures. Also in this issue, Woollard and Newman advise that, based on the best interpretation of currently available data, for patients with severe coronary artery disease, coronary artery bypass graft surgery has a better long-term clinical outcome and is more cost-effective than the less invasive percutaneous coronary intervention (→ How should stable coronary artery disease be managed in the modern era?).
Extra weight strains morgues
The obesity epidemic is a problem not only during life but also after it, suggest Byard and Bellis (→ Increase in adult body weight in coronial autopsies: an impending crisis?). In a letter, they report that forensic facilities are now dealing with many more obese and morbidly obese bodies than they were 21 years ago. Because of their size, these bodies are difficult to lift, move and store, presenting major logistical problems for pathologists and technicians. In addition, putrefaction is hastened in morbidly obese individuals, creating further difficulties. If the trend of increasing obesity continues, Byard and Bellis say, specially designed mortuaries with larger rooms and more robust equipment will be needed, so that postmortem evaluations are not compromised, and the health of mortuary staff is not jeopardised.
Launch into the blogosphere
You (and your patients) may well have “Googled” a health condition or two. You may know about podcasts and blogs and even about wikis, if not about mashups. Although more evaluation of the use of these various interactive applications of the Internet in clinical practice and medical education is needed, McLean and colleagues say we cannot afford to ignore these developments in the dissemination of medical information (→ The effect of Web 2.0 on the future of medical practice and education: Darwikinian evolution or folksonomic revolution?).
More ways to advance transplants
Jeffrey and colleagues present the first reported cases of liver transplantation in Jehovah’s Witness patients in Australasia (→ Liver transplantation in Jehovah’s Witness patients in Australasia). The Jehovah’s Witness church teaches that their members should not accept blood transfusions; however, members are to decide for themselves whether to accept organ transplantation and blood fractions, such as cryoprecipitate. The authors propose that techniques used to minimise blood loss and transfusion requirements for liver transplantation in these patients should be more widely practised to benefit all patients undergoing major surgery. Also in this issue, Richards and Rogers argue that, in patients whose organs are to be donated after imminent cardiac death, antemortem interventions — such as cannulation of the femoral vessels to facilitate rapid infusion of organ-preserving solutions after death — are both ethically and legally justified (→ Organ donation after cardiac death: legal and ethical justifications for antemortem interventions). However, given varying interpretations of guardianship legislation, they think Human Tissue Acts should be amended to directly address consent for interventions of this kind.
Rural and regional practice: beyond the student boon
Contributions in this issue add to the growing body of evidence that medical education with a rural focus increases interest in a rural medical career. Eley and Baker found that students based at the rural clinical school at the University of Queensland value the quality of teaching, the level of student-teacher contact and high patient access (→ Will Australian rural clinical schools be an effective workforce strategy? Early indications of their positive effect on intern choice and rural career interest). Availability of free accommodation also ranked highly. They also found that these students are now tending more towards choosing internships in rural and regional, rather than urban and metropolitan, hospitals. A letter from Eley and Morrissey says rural and regional hospitals need to combat the perception that internships in urban hospitals are more beneficial to future career prospects (→ Challenge or opportunity: can regional training hospitals capitalise on the impending influx of interns?); another from Sen Gupta et al, along similar lines, calls for urgent definition of regional training pathways for specialist and generalist careers (→ Intern choices for James Cook University graduates).
The mifepristone (RU486) story: to be continued
About 18 months ago, a cross-party vote in our federal Parliament about the abortifacient mifepristone (RU486), and the intense public discussion which surrounded it, confirmed wide support for the right of Australian women to medical abortion, assert de Costa and colleagues (→ Early medical abortion in Cairns, Queensland: July 2006 - April 2007). They report on their early experience with this agent. Also, they lament that its use remains restricted to a handful of women in Cairns and call for a proactive approach from individual doctors and others to make mifepristone more widely used here, as it is in other countries.
Another time . . . another place
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