- Pregnancy is known to be a time of increased susceptibility to acquiring to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and this increased maternal risk places the unborn child at risk of vertical transmission.
- Pre‐exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) involves the provision of antiretroviral therapy to an HIV‐negative individual with ongoing risk of HIV exposure to limit the likelihood of HIV transmission.
- The inclusion of PrEP as part of a comprehensive strategy is recognised as an effective and safe means of reducing HIV infection in serodiscordant couples, thereby reducing the risk of vertical transmission of HIV.
- Current data suggest that PrEP is safe to continue during pregnancy and breastfeeding in HIV‐negative women who remain vulnerable to acquiring HIV.
- The recent Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme subsidisation of PrEP has reduced the financial and practical obstacles of PrEP provision, and a subsequent increase in patient awareness and acceptance of PrEP is expected.
- The framework for appropriately identifying and managing at‐risk pregnant and lactating women requiring PrEP is poorly defined and warrants further clarification to better support clinicians and this patient group.
- This review discusses the current recommendations highlighting the gaps in the guidelines and makes some recommendations for future guideline development.
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