The Timed Up and Go test provides a quick and valid way to estimate an older person's risk of falls, as well as other adverse outcomes
The observation of gait has long been a valued component of the physical examination. For older patients in particular, examination of gait can be extremely revealing, aiding identification of a number of neurological and musculoskeletal pathologies. A comprehensive history and physical examination should be included as part of the evaluation of older people, especially those with a history of falls, frailty or functional impairment. Such an evaluation should include a review of prior falls, examination of gait and balance, examination of the feet and shoes, testing of visual acuity and peripheral sensation, measurement of postural blood pressure, review of medication use, and assessment of risks in the patient's home environment.
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