- Rheumatic diseases are frequently complicated by extra-articular manifestations, often affecting the eye.
- Most of these ocular symptoms are benign and develop over long periods of time.
- Some ocular complications of rheumatic disease or the drugs used to treat the disease are rapidly sight-threatening.
- It is vital that sight-threatening complications are recognised quickly, so that appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, such as slit lamp examination and the initiation of immunosuppressive treatments, can occur in a timely fashion.
- Insight into the epidemiology, clinical presentation, common complications and treatment regimens of these ocular manifestations enables early detection and may prevent permanent loss of vision.