The sugar content of soft drinks in Australia, Europe and the United States

Pia Varsamis, Robyn N Larsen, David W Dunstan, Garry LR Jennings, Neville Owen and Bronwyn A Kingwell
Med J Aust 2017; 206 (10): 454-455. || doi: 10.5694/mja16.01316

Despite recommendations by the World Health Organization and the National Health and Medical Research Council to limit the drinking of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), Australians are particularly high consumers of such products.1 In the report of the Australian Health Survey, 39% of males and 29% of females over 2 years of age had consumed SSBs on the day prior to the interview in 2011–2012,1 and these drinks were the largest sources of sugar in the Australian diet.2

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  • Pia Varsamis1,2
  • Robyn N Larsen1
  • David W Dunstan1,2
  • Garry LR Jennings1,2,3
  • Neville Owen1,2,4
  • Bronwyn A Kingwell1,2

  • 1 Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC
  • 2 Monash University, Melbourne, VIC
  • 3 Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW
  • 4 Swinburne University, Melbourne, VIC



This work was funded by a National Health and Medical Research Council Program grant and the Victorian Government Operational Infrastructure Support scheme.

Competing interests:

No relevant disclosures.

  • 1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4364.0.55.007. Australian Health Survey: Nutrition first results — foods and nutrients, 2011–12. Table 18: Consumption of sweetened beverages. May 2014. (accessed Mar 2017).
  • 2. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4804.0. National Nutrition Survey: foods eaten, Australia, 1995 [website]. Jan 1999. (accessed Mar 2017).
  • 3. Jameel F, Phang M, Wood LG, Garg ML. Acute effects of feeding fructose, glucose and sucrose on blood lipid levels and systemic inflammation. Lipids Health Dis 2014; 13: 195.
  • 4. Bantle JP, Raatz SK, Thomas W, Georgopoulos A. Effects of dietary fructose on plasma lipids in healthy subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 2000; 72: 1128-1134.
  • 5. Chong MF, Fielding BA, Frayn KN. Mechanisms for the acute effect of fructose on postprandial lipemia. Am J Clin Nutr 2007; 85: 1511-1520.


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