Over the past several years, the Australian media have reported increased use and harm arising from the use of crystal methamphetamine (“ice”),1,2 a highly pure form of the drug that can be smoked or injected.2 We used wastewater analysis to examine trends in methamphetamine residues in wastewater samples from the inlets of two treatment plants in south-east Queensland. One plant served a coastal metropolitan city that included entertainment precincts and the other a major inland regional city.
- 1. Australian Broadcasting Commission. Full coverage: Australia’s war on ice. 2015. http://www.abc.net.au/news/story-streams/ice-epidemic (accessed Sep 2015).
- 2. Lee N. Are we in the midst of an ice epidemic? A snapshot of meth use in Australia. The Conversation 2015; 8 Apr 8. http://theconversation.com/are-we-in-the-midst-of-an-ice-epidemic-a-snapshot-of-meth-use-in-australia-39697 (accessed Sep 2015).
- 3. Daughton CG. Illicit drugs: contaminants in the environment and utility in forensic epidemiology. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 2011; 210: 59-110.
- 4. Tscharke BJ, Chen C, Gerber JP, White JM. Trends in stimulant use in Australia: a comparison of wastewater analysis and population surveys. Sci Total Environ 2015; 536: 331-337.
- 5. Degenhardt L, Larney S, Chan G, et al. Estimating the number of regular and dependent methamphetamine users in Australia, 2002–2014. Med J Aust 2016; 204: 153, 153.e1-153.e6.
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