Recent increase in detection of alprazolam in Victorian heroin-related deaths

Angela C Rintoul, Malcolm D H Dobbin, Suzanne Nielsen, Louisa Degenhardt and Olaf H Drummer
Med J Aust 2013; 198 (4): 206-209. || doi: 10.5694/mja12.10986
  • Angela C Rintoul1
  • Malcolm D H Dobbin2
  • Suzanne Nielsen3
  • Louisa Degenhardt4
  • Olaf H Drummer5

  • 1 Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 2 Mental Health, Drugs and Regions Division, Department of Health, Victoria, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 3 Discipline of Addiction, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.
  • 4 National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW.
  • 5 Department of Forensic Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC.



We are grateful to Damien Jolley and Rory Wolfe of Monash University for providing statistical advice; the PBAC Drug Utilisation Sub-Committee for extracting ASM national prescription volume data; and Katayoon Yazdani for assisting in the compilation of Medicare Australia data.

Angela Rintoul is currently funded through an Australian Postgraduate Award scholarship. Some of this work was completed during her participation in the Victorian Public Health Training Scheme, funded by the State of Victoria through the Department of Health, while on placement with the Drugs Policy Unit at the Victorian Department of Health.

The views and conclusions in this article are ours and do not necessarily represent those of the Department of Health.

Competing interests:

Suzanne Nielsen has worked in an unpaid capacity as an investigator on projects funded by untied educational grants from Reckitt-Benckiser (RB). She has not received any direct funding. Louisa Degenhardt has received untied educational grants from RB to undertake postmarketing surveillance of suboxone tablet and film products in Australia. Malcolm Dobbin has received an honorarium from Pfizer for lectures, which was donated to charity. Neither RB nor Pfizer had knowledge of, or input into, this paper.

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