Calciphylaxis and hypoalbuminaemia

Raffaela Armiento, Ilana Gory, Peter J Jenkins and Catriona A McLean
Med J Aust 2012; 196 (4): . || doi: 10.5694/mja11.10894
Published online: 5 March 2012

A 58-year-old woman presented with multiple extensive, necrotic ulcers on the proximal lower limbs (Figure, A and B). A diagnosis of calciphylaxis in the absence of renal impairment was made. Although non-uraemic calciphylaxis has been described previously, the pathogenic mechanisms and significance of documented risk factors are poorly understood. Multiple risk factors were identified in this patient, of which the most prominent is likely to have been severe and longstanding hypoalbuminaemia of unexplained cause. In addition, obesity, European ancestry, female sex, hypovitaminosis D, an elevated alkaline phosphatase level, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, weight loss and use of steroids were all features of this case that have documented associations with calciphylaxis.

  • Raffaela Armiento1
  • Ilana Gory2
  • Peter J Jenkins3
  • Catriona A McLean4

  • Alfred Health, Melbourne, VIC.



We thank the staff of the Departments of General Medicine, Dermatology and Anatomical Pathology at the Alfred Hospital for their contribution.


remove_circle_outline Delete Author
add_circle_outline Add Author

Do you have any competing interests to declare? *

I/we agree to assign copyright to the Medical Journal of Australia and agree to the Conditions of publication *
I/we agree to the Terms of use of the Medical Journal of Australia *
Email me when people comment on this article

Online responses are no longer available. Please refer to our instructions for authors page for more information.