A husband and wife became unwell after eating a fish from the Calder River in northern Western Australia. Gnathostomiasis was diagnosed, and treated with ivermectin and albendazole. Serological testing was positive for gnathostomiasis, and there has been no recurrence. These appear to be the first proven endemically acquired cases of gnathostomiasis in Australia, and demonstrate the difficulties in diagnosis and treatment. (MJA 2011; 195: 42-44)
A 52-year-old man developed epigastric discomfort, nausea, diarrhoea and lethargy 10 days after eating a fish (identified by the patient as “black bream”, possibly Acanthopagrus berda or Hephaestus jenkinsi) caught from the Calder River in northern Western Australia (Box 1). The fish had been pan-fried whole over a camp fire, but the duration and thoroughness of cooking is unclear. The patient’s epigastric discomfort persisted, followed a week later by fevers and myalgia and then pruritic subcutaneous swellings and skin thickening over his chest and abdomen. He had no response to a prescribed course of antibiotics. His abdominal symptoms and myalgia continued and, over the next 2 months, multiple episodic swellings developed over his abdomen. The swellings progressed to involve both thighs and were associated with feelings of movement under his skin.
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