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Alcohol restrictions in Indigenous communities: an effective strategy if Indigenous-led

Dennis A Gray and Edward T Wilkes
Med J Aust 2011; 194 (10): 508.

While it is encouraging to read Margolis and colleagues’ findings in this issue of the Journal that in four Indigenous communities in Cape York, Queensland, there has been a marked reduction in aeromedical retrievals for serious injuries, the extent to which this is an indicator of a reduction in alcohol-related harm is uncertain.1

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  • Dennis A Gray1
  • Edward T Wilkes2

  • National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, WA.

Correspondence: D.Gray@curtin.edu.au

  • 1. Margolis SA, Ypinazar VA, Muller R, Clough A. Increasing alcohol restrictions and rates of serious injury in four remote Australian Indigenous communities. Med J Aust 2011; 194: 503-506.
  • 2. English D, Holman C, Milne E, et al. The quantification of drug caused morbidity and mortality in Australia. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Human Services and Health, 1995.
  • 3. Ridolfo B. Stevenson C. The quantification of drug-caused mortality and morbidity in Australia, 1998. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2001. (AIHW Cat. No. PHE 29; Drug Statistics Series No. 7.)
  • 4. McLeod R, Stockwell T, Stevens M, Phillips M. The relationship between alcohol consumption patterns and injury. Addiction 1999; 94: 1719-1734.
  • 5. Poynton SN, Donnelly N, Weatherburn D, et al. The role of alcohol in injuries presenting to St Vincent’s Hospital Emergency Department and the associated short-term costs. Alcohol Stud Bull 2005; (6).
  • 6. Watt K, Purdie DM, Roche AM, McClure RJ. Risk of injury from acute alcohol consumption and the influence of confounders. Addiction 2004; 99: 1262-1273.
  • 7. Chikritzhs T, Evans M, Gardner C, et al. Australian alcohol aetiologic fractions for injuries treated in emergency departments. Perth: National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University of Technology, 2011.
  • 8. Ministerial Council on Drug Strategy. The National Drug Strategy 2010-2015. A framework for action on alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 2011.
  • 9. Saffer H, Chaloupka FJ. Demographic differentials in the demand for alcohol and illicit drugs. In: Chaloupka FJ, Grossman M, Bickel WK, Saffer H, editors. The economic analysis of substance use and abuse: an integration of econometric and behavioral economic research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999: 187-212.
  • 10. Gray D, Stearne A, Wilson M, Doyle MF. Indigenous-specific alcohol and other drug interventions: continuities, changes and areas of greatest need. Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs, 2010. (ANCD Research Paper 20.)
  • 11. Gray D. The Northern Territory Emergency Response and cannabis use in remote Indigenous communities [letter]. Med J Aust 2010; 192: 555. <MJA full text>
  • 12. National Drug Research Institute (Chikritzhs T, Gray D, Lyons Z, Saggers S, contributors). Restrictions on the sale and supply of alcohol: evidence and outcomes. Perth: NDRI, Curtin University of Technology, 2007.
  • 13. Kinnane S, Farringdon F, Henderson-Yates L, Parker H. Fitzroy Valley alcohol restriction report. An evaluation of the effects of alcohol restriction in Fitzroy Crossing relating to measurable health and social outcomes, community perceptions and alcohol related behaviours after two years. Perth: Drug and Alcohol Office, 2010.

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