To the Editor: Observing jugular venous pressure (JVP) is central to cardiovascular examination. Lewis, in 1930,1 was the first to report the use of the external jugular vein as a manometer for recording pressure in the right atrium.
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Measurement of jugular venous pressure
David M Colquhoun and Glenn Jenkins
Med J Aust 2010; 193 (1): 64.
David M Colquhoun, Associate Professor, School of Medicine
Glenn Jenkins, Medical Student
Lewis T. Remarks on early signs of cardiac failure of the congestive type. Br Med J 1930; 1: 849-852.
Seth R, Magner P, Matzinger F, van Walraven C . How far is the sternal angle from the mid-right atrium? J Gen Intern Med 2002; 17: 861-865.
Parker JL, Flucker CJ, Harvey N, et al. Comparison of external jugular and central venous pressures in mechanically ventilated patients. Anaesthesia 2002; 57: 596-600.
Butman SM, Ewy GA, Standen JR, et al. Bedside cardiovascular examination in patients with severe chronic heart failure: importance of rest or inducible jugular venous distension. J Am Coll Cardiol 1993; 22: 968-974.
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