A 19-year-old Sudanese woman, who had lived for about a decade in Ugandan refugee camps, was referred for investigation of a 12-month history of a generalised rash. Two months later, her condition had deteriorated to include cachexia and drowsiness. Despite initial negative findings on investigation, human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) was suspected, and parasites were found in a double-centrifuged sample of cerebrospinal fluid. Eflornithine, the appropriate drug for treatment of late-stage disease, was obtained through the World Health Organization. This case highlights the diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties in managing late-stage HAT in a non-endemic country.
In January 2008, a 19-year-old Sudanese woman was referred from the community to a tertiary hospital for investigation of a 12-month history of generalised pruritus. There were no obvious precipitants or triggers for the itch. She was born in southern Sudan, but had lived in refugee camps in north-western Uganda for about a decade before migrating to Australia in November 2006. Her past medical history was non-contributory. Initial examination showed generalised hyperpigmented papules and nodules with excoriations. Prurigo was diagnosed, and treatment with topical corticosteroids was trialled.
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