Position statement of the Australian Diabetes Society: individualisation of glycated haemoglobin targets for adults with diabetes mellitus

N Wah Cheung, Jennifer J Conn, Michael C d’Emden, Jenny E Gunton, Alicia J Jenkins, Glynis P Ross, Ashim K Sinha, Sofianos Andrikopoulos, Stephen Colagiuri and Stephen M Twigg
Med J Aust 2009; 191 (6): 339-344.
  • N Wah Cheung1,2
  • Jennifer J Conn3
  • Michael C d’Emden4
  • Jenny E Gunton1,2,5
  • Alicia J Jenkins6
  • Glynis P Ross7,8
  • Ashim K Sinha9
  • Sofianos Andrikopoulos10
  • Stephen Colagiuri11
  • Stephen M Twigg2,7

  • 1 Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW.
  • 2 Department of Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.
  • 3 Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 4 Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, QLD.
  • 5 St Vincent’s Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW.
  • 6 Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, St Vincent’s Hospital, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 7 Department of Endocrinology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW.
  • 8 Bankstown–Lidcombe Hospital, Sydney, NSW.
  • 9 Cairns Base Hospital, Cairns, QLD.
  • 10 Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 11 Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.


We thank Professor Don Chisholm, Professor Peter Colman and Associate Professor Jeff Flack for reviewing this position statement and providing valuable comments.

Competing interests:

Wah Cheung received a travel grant from GlaxoSmithKline and another from Eli Lilly to attend conferences. Jennifer Conn received travel grants from Novo Nordisk. Michael d’Emden received speaker fees, honoraria for attending advisory board meetings and support to attend meetings of the Australian Diabetes Association and European Association for the Study of Diabetes from Eli Lilly, Novo Nordisk, Novartis, Sanofi-Aventis, Bayer and Merck Sharpe & Dohme. Jenny Gunton received speaker fees from Eli Lilly. Alicia Jenkins is a member of the Merck Diabetes Advisory Board. She is a chief investigator of an investigator-initiated study, funded by Medtronic, about use of glucose sensor-augmented pumps in type 1 diabetes; she has not received a salary for this work. Glynis Ross received travel grants from Novo Nordisk to attend meetings, and speaker fees from Medtronic. Ashim Sinha has received travel grants and speaker fees from Eli Lilly, Novo Nordisk, GlaxoSmithKline and Sanofi-Aventis. He is also on an advisory board for Sanofi-Aventis. Stephen Twigg is a paid consultant for the advisory boards of Eli Lilly, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novo Nordisk and Sanofi-Aventis. He receives speaker fees from Merck Sharp & Dohme, and meeting organiser fees from the Eli Lilly Meeting Faculty. He receives travel assistance to attend meetings from Sanofi-Aventis, GlaxoSmithKline and Novo Nordisk.

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