Connect
MJA
MJA

Are babies getting bigger? An analysis of birthweight trends in New South Wales, 1990–2005

Ruth M Hadfield, Samantha J Lain, Judy M Simpson, Jane B Ford, Camille H Raynes-Greenow, Jonathan M Morris and Christine L Roberts
Med J Aust 2009; 190 (6): 312-315.
  • Ruth M Hadfield1
  • Samantha J Lain1
  • Judy M Simpson2
  • Jane B Ford1
  • Camille H Raynes-Greenow1
  • Jonathan M Morris3
  • Christine L Roberts1

  • 1 Perinatal Research and Population Health, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.
  • 2 School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.
  • 3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Northern Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW.

Correspondence: rhadfield@med.usyd.edu.au

Acknowledgements: 

We thank the hospital staff who collect these data. Ruth Hadfield and Camille Raynes-Greenow are funded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Post-doctoral Training Research Fellowships. Jane Ford is supported by the Health Research and Outcomes Network and an NHMRC Capacity Building Grant in population health research. Christine Roberts is supported by an NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship.

Competing interests:

None identified.

  • 1. Weaver C. SIDS risk for fat babies. Daily Telegraph (Sydney) 2007; 19 Aug. http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0,22049,22267780-5006010,00.html (accessed Feb 2009, link updated March 2009).
  • 2. Schliebs M. Fatter babies mean more c-sections. The Australian 2008; 11 Jun. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,23845721-26103,00.html (accessed Feb 2009).
  • 3. Kramer MS, Morin I, Yang H, et al. Why are babies getting bigger? Temporal trends in fetal growth and its determinants. J Pediatr 2002; 141: 538-542.
  • 4. Surkan PJ, Hsieh CC, Johansson AL, et al. Reasons for increasing trends in large for gestational age births. Obstet Gynecol 2004; 104: 720-726.
  • 5. Roberts CL, Lancaster PA. Australian national birthweight percentiles by gestational age. Med J Aust 1999; 170: 114-118. <MJA full text>
  • 6. Tukey JW. Exploratory data analysis. Reading, Mass: Addison Wesley, 1977: 44.
  • 7. Ford JB, Roberts CL, Simpson JM, et al. Increased postpartum hemorrhage rates in Australia. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2007; 98: 237-243.
  • 8. Parsons TJ, Power C, Manor O. Fetal and early life growth and body mass index from birth to early adulthood in 1958 British cohort: longitudinal study. BMJ 2001; 323: 1331-1335.
  • 9. Ross JA. High birthweight and cancer: evidence and implications. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2006; 15: 1-2.
  • 10. Ahlgren M, Wohlfahrt J, Olsen LW, et al. Birth weight and risk of cancer. Cancer 2007; 110: 412-429.
  • 11. Puumala SE, Soler JT, Johnson KJ, Spector LG. Birth characteristics and Wilms tumor in Minnesota. Int J Cancer 2008; 122: 1368-1373.
  • 12. Roman E, Simpson J, Ansell P, et al. Perinatal and reproductive factors: a report on haematological malignancies from the UKCCS. Eur J Cancer 2005; 41: 749-759.
  • 13. Troisi R, Masters MN, Joshipura K, et al. Perinatal factors, growth and development, and osteosarcoma risk. Br J Cancer 2006; 95: 1603-1607.
  • 14. Von Behren J, Reynolds P. Birth characteristics and brain cancers in young children. Int J Epidemiol 2003; 32: 248-256.
  • 15. McCormack VA, dos Santos Silva I, Koupil I, et al. Birth characteristics and adult cancer incidence: Swedish cohort of over 11,000 men and women. Int J Cancer 2005; 115: 611-617.
  • 16. Michels KB, Xue F. Role of birthweight in the etiology of breast cancer. Int J Cancer 2006; 119: 2007-2025.
  • 17. Nilsen TI, Romundstad PR, Troisi R, Vatten LJ. Birth size and subsequent risk for prostate cancer: a prospective population-based study in Norway. Int J Cancer 2005; 113: 1002-1004.
  • 18. Nilsen TI, Romundstad PR, Troisi R, et al. Birth size and colorectal cancer risk: a prospective population based study. Gut 2005; 54: 1728-1732.
  • 19. Flaherman V, Rutherford GW. A meta-analysis of the effect of high weight on asthma. Arch Dis Child 2006; 91: 334-339.
  • 20. Haynes A, Bower C, Bulsara MK, et al. Perinatal risk factors for childhood Type 1 diabetes in Western Australia — a population-based study (1980–2002). Diabet Med 2007; 24: 564-570.
  • 21. Barker DJ. Fetal origins of coronary heart disease. BMJ 1995; 311: 171-174.
  • 22. Raio L, Ghezzi F, Di Naro E, et al. Perinatal outcome of fetuses with a birth weight greater than 4500 g: an analysis of 3356 cases. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2003; 109: 160-165.
  • 23. Stotland NE, Caughey AB, Breed EM, Escobar GJ. Risk factors and obstetric complications associated with macrosomia. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2004; 87: 220-226.
  • 24. Ford JB, Roberts CL, Bell JC, et al. Postpartum haemorrhage occurrence and recurrence: a population-based study. Med J Aust 2007; 187: 391-393. <MJA full text>
  • 25. Callaway LK, Prins JB, Chang AM, McIntyre HD. The prevalence and impact of overweight and obesity in an Australian obstetric population. Med J Aust 2006; 184: 56-59. <MJA full text>
  • 26. Guelinckx I, Devlieger R, Beckers K, Vansant G. Maternal obesity: pregnancy complications, gestational weight gain and nutrition. Obes Rev 2008; 9: 140-150.
  • 27. Maternal Perinatal Clinical Trials Unit, University of Adelaide. Limiting weight gain in overweight and obese women during pregnancy to improve health outcomes: a randomised trial. http://www.health.adelaide.edu.au/og/research/mpctu.html#obesity (accessed Oct 2008).
  • 28. Maternal Perinatal Clinical Trials Unit, University of Adelaide. Dietary and lifestyle advice for women with borderline gestational diabetes mellitus. http://www.health.adelaide.edu.au/og/research/mpctu.html#obgt (accessed Oct 2008).
  • 29. Taylor L, Pym M, Bajuk B, et al. Part 8: validation study NSW Midwives Data Collection 1998. New South Wales Mothers and Babies 1998. NSW Public Health Bulletin Supplementary Series (State Publication no. (EPI) 000029) 2000; 11 (1): 97-99. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/227/issue/5090.htm (accessed Feb 2009).
  • 30. Roberts CL, Bell JC, Ford JB, et al. The accuracy of reporting of the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in population health data. Hypertens Pregnancy 2008; 27: 285-297.

Author

remove_circle_outline Delete Author
add_circle_outline Add Author

Comment
Do you have any competing interests to declare? *

I/we agree to assign copyright to the Medical Journal of Australia and agree to the Conditions of publication *
I/we agree to the Terms of use of the Medical Journal of Australia *
Email me when people comment on this article

Responses are now closed for this article.