Charles Halliley Kellaway (1889–1952) was one of the first Australians to make a full-time career of medical research.
He built his scientific reputation on studies of snake venoms and anaphylaxis.
Under Kellaway’s directorship, the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute gained worldwide acclaim, and he played a critical role in its success between the world wars.
His administrative and financial strategies in the era before the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) helped local medical research weather the Depression and gain a strong foothold by World War II.
- 1. Dale HH. Charles Halliley Kellaway, 1889–1952. Obit Not Fellows R Soc 1953; 8: 502-521.
- 2. Butler AG. The Australian Army Medical Services in the war of 1914–1918. Volume 3. Special problems and services. Canberra: Australian War Memorial, 1930–1943.
- 3. Burnet M. Walter and Eliza Hall Institute 1915–1965. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1971.
- 4. Wood IJ. Discovery and healing in peace and war: an autobiography. Melbourne: Ian J Wood, 1984.
- 5. Brogan AH. Committed to saving lives: a history of the Commonwealth Serum Laboratories. Melbourne: Hyland House, 1990.
- 6. Hooker C. Diphtheria, immunisation and the Bundaberg tragedy: a study of public health in Australia. Health History 2000; 2: 52-78.
- 7. Kellaway CH, MacCallum P, Tebbutt AH. Report of the Royal Commission of Inquiry into fatalities at Bundaberg. Canberra: HJ Green, 1928.
- 8. Kellaway CH. Some physiological effects of anoxaemia. J Physiol (Lond) 1919; 52: lxiii-lxiv.
- 9. Dew HR. Hydatid disease: its pathology, diagnosis and treatment. Sydney: Australasian Medical Publishing Company, 1928.
- 10. Kellaway CH, Morgan FG. The treatment of snake bite in Australia. Med J Aust 1931; 2: 482-485.
- 11. Winkel K, Mirtschin P, Pearn J. Twentieth century toxinology and antivenom development in Australia. Toxicon 2006; 48: 738-754.
- 12. Kellaway CH. Snake venoms. I. Their constitution and therapeutic applications. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 1937; 60: 1-17.
- 13. Kellaway CH. Snake venoms. II. Their peripheral action. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 1937; 60: 18-39.
- 14. Kellaway CH. Snake venoms. III. Immunity. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 1937; 60: 159-177.
- 15. de Vahl Davis VA. History of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1915–1978: an examination of the personalities, politics, finances, social relations and scientific organization of the Hall Institute [PhD thesis]. Sydney: University of New South Wales, 1979.
- 16. Burnet FM. Charles Halliley Kellaway [obituary]. Med J Aust 1953; 1: 203-207.
- 17. Kellaway CH, personal service record. Series B2455. Canberra: National Archives of Australia, 1915-1920.
- 18. Courtice FC. Research in the medical sciences: the road to national independence. In: Home RW, editor. Australian science in the making. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988: 277-307.
- 19. Sexton C. Burnet: a life. 2nd ed. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1999.
- 20. Hamersley H. Cancer, physics and society: interactions between the wars. In: Home RW, editor. Australian science in the making. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988: 197-219.
- 21. Lowe TE. The Thomas Baker, Alice Baker and Eleanor Shaw Medical Research Institute. Melbourne: Trustees of the Baker Medical Research Institute, 1974.
- 22. National Health and Medical Research Council. Walter and Eliza Hall Institute — application for subsidy. Series A1928/1, Control 690/20 Section 1. Canberra: National Archives of Australia, 1927-1934.
- 23. National Health and Medical Research Council. Walter and Eliza Hall Institute — application for subsidy. Series A1928/1, Control 690/20 Section 2. Canberra: National Archives of Australia, 1934-1938.
- 24. Gillespie JA. The price of health: Australian governments and medical politics 1910–1960. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
- 25. Roe M. The establishment of the Australian Department of Health: its background and significance. In: Cumpston JHL. The health of the people: a study in federalism. Canberra: Roebuck, 1978: v-xxiii.
- 26. Biological products. Serum lab diphtheria toxin. Death of children at Bundaberg. Enquiry and distribution of the Royal Commission Report. Series A1928/1, Control 90/28/3. Canberra: National Archives of Australia, 1928-1943.
- 27. Burnet FM, Kellaway CH. Recent work on staphylococcal toxins with special reference to the interpretation of the Bundaberg fatalities. Med J Aust 1930; 2: 295-301.
- 28. Park HW. Germs, hosts, and the origin of Frank Macfarlane Burnet’s concept of ‘self’ and ‘tolerance’, 1936–1949. J Hist Med Allied Sci 2006; 61: 492-534.
- 29. Hall AR, Bembridge BA. Physic and philanthropy: a history of the Wellcome Trust, 1936–1986. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.
- 30. Parish HJ. The Wellcome Research Laboratories and immunisation: a historical survey and personal memoir. Chapter 22. c.1970. Located at: Wellcome Foundation Archive, Wellcome Library, London (WF/M/H/08/15).
Publication of your online response is subject to the Medical Journal of Australia's editorial discretion. You will be notified by email within five working days should your response be accepted.