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Conundrums in community-acquired pneumonia

Patrick G P Charles, Paul D R Johnson and M Lindsay Grayson
Med J Aust 2007; 186 (2): 102-103.
Published online: 15 January 2007

In reply: Whether Hospital in the Home (HIH) care is suitable for managing patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) depends on what is considered an appropriate use of resources. Overall, we see relatively few indications for treating CAP patients with parenteral antibiotics via HIH, as, in our experience, most patients who do not need supplemental oxygen and are well enough to be treated at home are usually also well enough to be treated with oral antibiotics. If they are not well enough to take oral antibiotics, then admission to hospital as an inpatient is generally appropriate. The occasional exceptions to this are selected patients in nursing homes (where around-the-clock supervision is available if required) and some patients with CAP caused by pathogens like Pseudomonas or Acinetobacter who benefit from longer treatment courses and may not have the option of oral antibiotics.

  • Patrick G P Charles1,2
  • Paul D R Johnson1,2
  • M Lindsay Grayson1,2,3

  • 1 Department of Infectious Diseases, Austin Health, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 2 Department of Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 3 Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC.


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