Insects that commonly cause anaphylaxis in Australia are honeybees, jack jumper ants and wasps. Honeybee (Apis mellifera) sting is the most common cause of sting anaphylaxis in most areas of Australia, except where jack jumper ants (Myrmecia pilosula) occur (in native woodland areas in southern and eastern Australia). In some regions of Australia, “European wasps” (Vespula spp) and “paper wasps” (including Polistes and Ropalidia spp) make significant contributions.
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