Effective shade structures

David J Turnbull and Alfio V Parisi
Med J Aust 2006; 184 (1): 13-15.


  • Research shows that a large proportion of shade structures provide insufficient protection against the sun’s ultraviolet light.

  • Shade creation guidelines need to be updated.

  • Community organisations such as child care centres and schools that need to provide effective shade are hindered by cost and building regulations.

  • The protective function of shade structures is more important than their aesthetic appeal.

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  • David J Turnbull1
  • Alfio V Parisi2

  • Faculty of Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD.


Competing interests:

None identified.

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