Child health will only improve when local structures are further strengthened, enabled and supported
Most countries in the western Asia-Pacific region have made consistent gains in child survival over the past 25 years (Box 1).1,2 Notable exceptions to this positive trend are Papua New Guinea (PNG) and East Timor. Sadly, a static child mortality rate such as has occurred in PNG, where the population has doubled over the past 25 years, means that, in this new century, about twice as many children are dying per year as in the mid-1970s. The health inequities between Australia and its nearest neighbours are many, and breathtaking in magnitude.
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