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Transient apical ballooning of the left ventricle

Constantin B Marcu, Kristen M Andresen and Thomas J Donohue
Med J Aust 2004; 181 (10): 572.

An 80-year-old woman with a history of hypertension presented to the emergency department with a 3-hour history of dyspnoea and precordial discomfort. Serum concentrations of troponin T, creatine kinase and creatine kinase MB isoenzyme were normal. An electrocardiogram (Box 1) showed changes consistent with myocardial ischaemia. When the patient developed haemodynamic instability, cardiac catheterisation was performed (Box 2). The patient’s condition improved after an intra-aortic balloon pump (a catheter-mounted balloon positioned in the descending aorta and timed to inflate during diastole) was placed for the management of cardiogenic shock. An echocardiogram 3 weeks later showed normal left ventricular size and function.

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  • Constantin B Marcu1
  • Kristen M Andresen2
  • Thomas J Donohue3

  • Section of Cardiology, Hospital of Saint Raphael, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Correspondence: 

  • 1. Satoh H, Tateishi H, Uchida T, et al. Takotsubo-type cardiomyopathy due to multivessel spasm. In: Kodama K, Haze K, Hon M, editors. Clinical aspects of myocardial injury: from ischemia to heart failure [in Japanese]. Tokyo: Kagakuyouronsya Co., 1990: 56-64.
  • 2. Tsuchihashi K, Ueshima K, Uchida T, et al. Transient left ventricular apical ballooning without coronary artery stenosis: a novel heart syndrome mimicking acute myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001; 38: 11-18.
  • 3. Abe Y, Kondo M, Matsuoka R, et al. Assessment of clinical features in transient left ventricular apical ballooning. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003; 41: 737-742.
  • 4. Desmet WJ, Adriaenssens BF, Dens JA. Apical ballooning of the left ventricle: first series in white patients. Heart 2003; 89: 1027-1031.

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