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An Anzac's childhood: John Simpson Kirkpatrick (1892–1915)

John H Pearn and David Gardner-Medwin
Med J Aust 2003; 178 (8): 400-402.

John Simpson Kirkpatrick, generally known as "Simpson", is one of the most famous Anzacs of the Gallipoli campaign.1-3 From the Gallipoli landing on 25 April 1915 until his death 25 days later, Simpson and his donkey retrieved perhaps 300 casualties from the battlefield.

John H Pearn, MD, PhD, FRACP, Surgeon General Australia1
David Gardner-Medwin, MD, FRCP, Retired Paediatric Neurologist2
1 Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Herston, QLD.
2 Station Road, Heddon-On-The-Wall, UK.
Article References: 
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Benson I. The man with the donkey. John Simpson Kirkpatrick. The good samaritan of Gallipoli. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1965.
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Cochrane P. Simpson and the donkey. The making of a legend. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1992.
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Curran T. Across the bar. The story of "Simpson", the man with the donkey. Australia and Tyneside's great military hero. Brisbane: OGMIOS Publications, 1994.
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Ward's Directory of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Gateshead, North and South Shields. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: R. Ward and Sons. Annual Ward's Directories from 1888. [South Eldon Street, John Kirkpatrick's birthplace address, was not listed in Ward's Directory for South Shields until 1891–92, page 248].
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Public Record Office, UK. The 1891 Census for England and Wales. Administrative County of South Shields, Civil Parish of Westhoe, Municipal Ward of Tyne Dock. Census entry for 10 South Eldon Street. [Robert Kirkpatrick, head of family. Lists children and Ettie Crozier, a 15-year-old domestic servant].
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Register of Births, Marriages and Deaths, UK. Birth certificate of John Kirkpatrick, born 6 July 1892 at 10 South Eldon Street, Westhoe. Son of Robert Kirkpatrick and Sarah Simpson, domestic housekeeper. Certificate No. 223, birth registered 3 August 1892. Registration District of South Shields, sub-District of Westhoe, Counties of South Shields and Durham, Copied Cert No. CM 365464 dated 16 Sept 2002.
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Public Record Office, UK. The 1901 Census for England and Wales. Administrative County of Durham, Civil Parish of South Shields, Ward Borough of Dean's Ward. Entry for South Frederick Street [Nos 127-153]. PRO Reference No. RG 13/4736.
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Memorandum Book of the South Shields School Board. Ref T116/1-8 [487-557].
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Tyne and Wear. The County Archives. Admission Register. South Shields Barnes Road Board School [School No. 1416]. Boys Department Ref T116/1-8 (Unpag). School record of John Kirkpatrick.
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Tyne and Wear. The County Archives. South Shields School Board: Barnes Boys' School. Memorandum Book [Ref T116/I-unpag].
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Hogg OFG. The history of the 3rd Durham Volunteer Artillery, now part of the 274th (Northumbrian) Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.) 1860–1960. South Shields [Durham], The Northern Press Limited, undated [c.1970]: 41.
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Moran C. The anatomy of courage. London: Constable, 1945.
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