In reply: Sharp v Port Kembla RSL Club: establishing causation of laryngeal cancer by environmental tobacco smoke

Bernard W Stewart and Peter C B Semmler
Med J Aust 2002; 176 (9): . || doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2002.tb04491.x
Published online: 6 May 2002

In reply: Our article1 outlined evidence presented to the Supreme Court of New South Wales. The paucity of epidemiological evidence concerning an association between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and laryngeal cancer (two studies available) was offset by biological plausibility concerning the carcinogenicity of tobacco smoke. To that extent, the epidemiological evidence in question "supported" a clear inference of causality from other data. The views offered by Langlands and Gebski do not alter this consideration, and are otherwise without merit for several reasons.

  • Bernard W Stewart
  • Peter C B Semmler



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