Measles transmission in healthcare settings in Australia

Heath A Kelly, Michaela A Riddell and Ross M Andrews
Med J Aust 2002; 176 (2): . || doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2002.tb04278.x
Published online: 21 January 2002

In a recent issue of the Journal, Blake and colleagues described a cluster of three cases of measles from western Sydney.1 The index patient acquired measles overseas, while the other two patients acquired the infection during a hospital visit and probably in the waiting room of a general practice, respectively. Measles is highly contagious and can spread with relative ease in healthcare settings, especially if there is a failure to diagnose the infection, to isolate the infectious patient or to notify the case so that other infection control measures can be implemented.

  • 1 Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, Melbourne, VIC.
  • 2 Department of Human Services, Victoria, Melbourne, VIC.


  • 1. Blake KV, Nguyen OTK, Capon AG. Nosocomial transmission of measles in western Sydney [letter]. Med J Aust 2001; 175: 442.
  • 2. Dowse GK, Gill J. Measles elimination in WA: a story of imported cases and nosocomial transmission. Abstracts of the Communicable Diseases Control Conference 2001. 2001 Apr; Canberra. Abstract 58.
  • 3. Lambert SB, Morgan ML, Riddell MA, et al. Measles outbreak in young adults in Victoria, 1999. Med J Aust 2000; 173: 467-471.
  • 4. Andrews R. Measles outbreak among young adults in Victoria. Commun Dis Intell 2001; 25: 12.
  • 5. Skull SA, Andrews RM, Gorrie GJ, et al. Healthcare workers continue to be at risk of measles: a case for better vaccination coverage. Med J Aust 2001; 174: 662-663.
  • 6. Tobin S, Kelly H. Measles encephalitis in Victoria: down but not out. Aust N Z J Public Health 1999; 23: 443.
  • 7. Kelly H, Riddell M, Lambert S, et al. Measles immunity among young adults in Victoria. Commun Dis Intell 2001; 25: 129-133.
  • 8. Communicable Diseases Network Australia New Zealand. Guidelines for the control of measles outbreaks in Australia. Technical Report Series No. 5. Canberra: Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, 2000.
  • 9. Turnbull FM, Burgess MA, McIntyre PB, et al. The Australian Measles Control Campaign, 1998. Bull World Health Organ 2001; 79: 882-888.
  • 10. Krause PJ, Gross PA, Barrett TL, et al. Quality standard for assurance of measles immunity among health care workers. Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis 1994; 18: 431-436.
  • 11. Chibo D, Birch CJ, Rota PA, Catton MG. Molecular characterization of measles viruses isolated in Victoria, Australia, between 1973 and 1998. J Gen Virol 2000; 81: 2511-2518.


remove_circle_outline Delete Author
add_circle_outline Add Author

Do you have any competing interests to declare? *

I/we agree to assign copyright to the Medical Journal of Australia and agree to the Conditions of publication *
I/we agree to the Terms of use of the Medical Journal of Australia *
Email me when people comment on this article

Online responses are no longer available. Please refer to our instructions for authors page for more information.