In 2000, chronic or unspecified renal failure was listed as a cause of death of 9160 Australians (7.1% of all deaths) (source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, special data request, 2002). Most would have had chronic renal impairment (CRI) for years. Each year, more than 1700 people with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) start dialysis or receive a transplant.1 These figures suggest that the impact of CRI is substantial and that in order to prevent progression to ESRD we need to develop systems for its detection and management.
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