Robert A Gardiner
Med J Aust 2002; 176 (1): . || doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2002.tb04275.x
Published online: 7 January 2002

The practice of urology continues to be affected by the compulsory wearing of seatbelts, resulting in less trauma, and antismoking initiatives. Bladder cancer is an occupationally related tumour, but cigarette smoke is by far the most significant environmental carcinogen, so a recent report suggesting that smoking rates may be declining1 is heartening.

  • Department of Surgery, University of Queensland, Wellington Point, QLD 4160.

  • 1. Walsh RA, Paul CL, McElduff P. Smoking rates may be declining [letter]. Med J Aust 2001; 175: 339.
  • 2. Eskew LA, Bare RL, McCulloch DL. Systematic 5 region prostatic biopsy is superior to sextant method for diagnosing carcinoma of the prostate. J Urol 1997; 157: 199-202.
  • 3. Prostate Cancer Triallists' Collaborative Group. Maximum androgen blockade in advanced prostate cancer: an overview of the randomised trials. Lancet 2000; 355: 1491-1498.
  • 4. Abrams P, Wein AJ. Introduction: overactive bladder and its treatment. Urology 2000; 55: 1-2.
  • 5. Donatucci CF. Male sexual dysfunction – the new millennium. Curr Opin Urol 2000; 10: 313-317.


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