Should medically significant genetic results be offered to research participants or their at‐risk relatives?
Australian research studies now generate genetic information on thousands of participants. Some genetic results, present in a small portion of participants (< 5%), are considered medically actionable, meaning they are associated with increased risk of adult‐onset diseases, where effective risk management, prevention or treatment exists (eg, inherited cancer or cardiac disorders).1 The National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research,2 which considers genomic research at Chapter 3.3, now requires an ethically defensible plan for return (or non‐return) of genetic research results. Box 1 summarises the guidelines that are relevant to the return of genetic results to research participants.2
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