TO THE EDITOR: We commend Heldens and colleagues1 for publishing their data on the incidence and in‐hospital mortality of sepsis and septic shock among patients admitted to Australian intensive care units (ICUs). The incidence of sepsis and septic shock in ICUs is estimated to be 101.8 and 19.3 per 100 000 patient‐years, respectively, at an attributable cost of $32 421.2 We concur that sepsis cases captured using the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation database criteria, compared with prospective clinical diagnoses,3 has poor sensitivity for sepsis case ascertainment.
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