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Neurofibromatosis of the tongue

Basile N Landis and Urs Borner
Med J Aust 2016; 205 (7): 300. || doi: 10.5694/mja16.00549
Published online: 3 October 2016

A 45-year-old woman presented with a painless mass in the tongue that had grown gradually over the past 20 years (Figure, arrowheads). She had café-au-lait spots and previous neurofibroma resections. Neurofibromatosis type 1 was also found in her father and two children. Recent speech problems made a resection necessary. Partial removal of the mass immediately improved communication. Pathological analysis showed plexiform neurofibroma without malignant transformation. Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by neurofibromas that can potentially affect every site of the body. Malignant transformation is rare and resection is indicated when functional or aesthetic impairment is associated.1

  • Basile N Landis1
  • Urs Borner2

  • 1 Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 2 HNO-ORL Inselspital Universitätsspital Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Correspondence: basile.landis@hcuge.ch

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